Functional Behavior Assessment
Functional Behavior Assessment (FBA) is a team process utilized to gain information about an individual. The individual should be demonstrating extreme or continuous behaviors that are dangerous to himself/herself or others. The behavior may also severely disrupt the learning environment. The information gathered during the FBA process is utilized to develop an individual Behavior Intervention Plan (BIP).
The process consists of three components:
Once all the information has been gathered, the team meets to develop a hypothesis statement which will assist with identifying the function of the behavior. Once that has been determined, the team will then determine what replacement skills should be taught and how they are going to teach them.
1. To start the process, a team will be convened, consent from a parent must first be determined.
2. The team may consist of anyone who knows the student. People may also participate via the interview process without actively being part of the team.
3. At the initial meeting, the team will identify the target behavior, define the goals of intervention and assign roles and responsibilities.
4. The process consists of three components: Record reviews
5. Once all the information has been gathered, the team meets to develop a Hypothesis statement which will assist with identifying the function of the behavior. Once that has been determined, the team will then determine what replacement skills should be taught and how they are going to teach them.
6. Data collection will continue during the implementation of the BIP and determine the success of the plan.
7. The team will meet periodically to monitor and evaluate the plan. The plan should be modified as needed.
Watch an overview Vodcast of Functional Behavior Assessment
|Dr. Tim Lewis, University of Missouri|
Powerpoint Training for completing a Function Behavior Assessment and How to Develop a Behavior Intervention Plan